Monitor weight trends regularly and assess risk status using body mass index, waist circumference, or waist-hip ratio measurement standards.117-119
Counsil regarding diet and activity
Counsel patients and their caregivers annually regarding targets for an optimal diet and level of physical activity using general population guidelines by age. Advise patients regarding possible changes to their daily routines to meet these targets.120, 121
Address modifiable risk factors for obesity such as medications and environmental or social barriers to optimal diet and physical activity.120, 121
For anyone who is not meeting diet and physical activity targets, refer to interprofessional health promotion resources (eg, dieticians, support workers and community programs adapted for people with IDD).125-127
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116. Grondhuis SN, Aman MG. Overweight and obesity in youth with developmental disabilities: A call to action. J Intellect Disabil Res. 2014;58(9):787-99.
117. Casey AF. Measuring body composition in individuals with intellectual disability: A scoping review. J Obes. 2013:article ID 628428.
118. Health Canada. Canadian guidelines for body weight classification in adults [Website]. Ottawa: Health Canada. 2003. Accessed 2017 Aug 29.
119. Temple V.A., Foley J.T., Lloyd M. Body mass index of adults with intellectual disability participating in special olympics by world region. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 2014;58(3):277-84.
120. Spanos D, Hankey CR, Boyle S, Koshy P, MacMillan S, Matthews L, et al. Carers’ perspectives of a weight loss intervention for adults with intellectual disabilities and obesity: A qualitative study. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 2013;57(1):90-102.
121. Kuijken NMJ, Naaldenberg J, Nijhuis-van der Sanden MW, Van Schrojenstein-Lantman de Valk HMJ. Healthy living according to adults with intellectual disabilities: Towards tailoring health promotion initiatives. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 2016;60(3):228-41.
122. Blick R.N., Saad A.E., Goreczny A.J., Roman K., Sorensen C.H. Effects of declared levels of physical activity on quality of life of individuals with intellectual disabilities. Res Dev Disabil. 2015;37:223-9.
123. Robertson J., Emerson E., Baines S., Hatton C. Obesity and health behaviours of british adults with self-reported intellectual impairments: Cross sectional survey. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1).
124. Ogg-Groenendaal M, Hermans H, Claessens B. A systematic review on the effect of exercise interventions on challenging behavior for people with intellectual disabilities. Res Dev Disabil. 2014;35(7):1507-17.
125. Brooker K, van Dooren K, McPherson L, Lennox N, Ware R. A systematic review of interventions aiming to improve involvement in physical activity among adults with intellectual disability. J Phys Act Health. 2015;12(3):434-44.
126. Carraro A, Gobbi E. Exercise intervention to reduce depressive symptoms in adults with intellectual disabilities. Percept Mot Skills. 2014;119(1):1-5.
127. Spanos D, Melville CA, Hankey CR. Weight management interventions in adults with intellectual disabilities and obesity: A systematic review of the evidence. Nutr J. 2013;12:132,2891-12-132.